Learning Components

The ongoing learning process can not be separated from the components that exist in it, the learning component can be defined as a set of tools or ways of various processes that then become a unified whole in a learning for the achievement of a goal. According to Moedjiono and Dimyati (1993: 23), the components of the learning process are students, teachers, learning objectives, materials, methods, media, and evaluation.

Learners

According to Nazarudin (2007: 49), learners are human beings with all the origins. They have feelings and thoughts and desires or aspirations. They have basic needs that must be met ie clothing, food, boards, the need for security, the need to gain recognition, and the need to actualize themselves according to their potential.

According to Law No.20 on National Education System, learners are members of the community who seek to develop their own potential through the learning process available on the path, ladder, and certain types of education. Learners are a unique subject that reaches maturity gradually. Based on the above opinion it can be argued that the learner is someone with all the potential that is in him to always be developed both through the learning process and when he interacts with everything.

Teacher

Understanding teachers according to Muhammad Ali as stated by Nazarudin (2007: 161) is the central role holders of teaching and learning process. Teachers who everyday face to face with students including the characteristic and teaching problems they face are related to the teaching and learning process. Mochtar Buchori (1994: 4) states that who will be able to improve the educational situation, in turn, passed away to teachers who work every day in the field.

From the above opinion can be argued that the teacher is someone with nature as a personality person who plays an important role in the learning process and participates fully in conducting education. In connection with this research, teachers in learning eye training and make patterns are teachers who are experts in the field and competent, of course, teachers can guide students in making patterns

Learning objectives

In Permendiknas RI No. 52 The year 2008 as stated by Akhmad Sudrajat (2009) on Process Standards mentioned that the purpose of learning provides guidance for choosing subject content, arranging topics, allocating time, instruction in choosing teaching aids and teaching procedures, and providing size ( Standard) to measure student achievement.

Efforts to formulate learning objectives can provide specific benefits, both for teachers and students. Nana Syaodah Sukmadinata (2002) identifies 4 (four) benefits of learning objectives, namely:

Make it easy to communicate the purpose of teaching and learning activities to students, so that students can do the learning act more independently.

Make it easy for teachers to choose and arrange teaching materials

Helps facilitate teachers to determine learning activities and learning media

Make it easy for teachers to make assessments


Based on the above opinion can be argued that the purpose of learning is a design that emphasizes on the achievements that will be in the can by learners after through the learning process itself. In relation to this research, learning objectives for basic competence make pattern that is: (1) students can describe various techniques of pattern making, and (2) students can make pattern

Content

In general, it can be argued that instructional materials are knowledge, skills, and attitudes that must be mastered by learners in order to meet the established competency standards. Learning materials occupy a very important position in the entire curriculum, which must be prepared for the implementation of learning can achieve the target. The target should be in accordance with the Competency Standards and Basic Competencies that must be achieved by the learners. That is, the material specified for learning activities should be material that really supports the achievement of basic competence and competence standards, and achievement of indicators.

Method

The method of learning according to Oemar Hamalik (2003) is one of the ways used by teachers in holding relationships with students at the time of learning to achieve the goals set. Meanwhile, according to Nana Sudjana (1996: 76) method is a way that teachers use in interaction or relationship with students during the learning.

Media

According to Arief S. Sadiman (2006: 7), learning media is anything that can be used to channel the message from the sender to the recipient so that it can stimulate the thoughts, feelings, attention, and competence and attention of students in such a way that the learning process occurs. Meanwhile, according to Sudarwan Danim (1995: 7), learning media is a set of tools or aids used by teachers or educators in order to communicate with students or learners.

Evaluation

According Nana Sudjana (2009: 3) evaluation is the process of providing or determining the value to a particular object based on certain criteria. Evaluation of learning is an assessment of activities and learning progress of learners conducted periodically in the form of examinations, practice results, daily tasks, or observations by teachers. Exam forms include a midterm exam, semester final exam, and final assignment exam. The weighting of each assessment element is determined by the KKM according to the school curriculum. Based on that opinion it can be argued that evaluation is an attempt to view, assign a value to a particular object using certain tools and criteria.